A few important things to consider during fishing

  • Everyone has the right to fish on a water body designated for public use and owned by the state and local government or a private person, taking into account the restrictions applied to permitted fishing times, places and types of fish.
  • On a privately-owned water body designated for public use it is permitted to fish from sunrise to sunset, the rest of the time (in the dark) it may be done only with the consent of the land owner.
  • A person fishing must always carry a document certifying their right to fish and they are obliged to present it to the supervising person at the request of the latter.
  • If there is no photo on the document certifying the right to fish, a personal identification document must also be carried.

During fishing on water bodies, it is prohibited to:

1) alter the bottom of the water body or the shoreline profile;

2) obstruct shipping traffic in designated shipping lanes;

3) pollute the water or dump anything into the body of water;

4) damage or destroy markings, signs, labels or constructions placed on or beside the body of water.

  • While fishing, it is prohibited to discard caught fish or collected plants into the water if they have lost their ability to live.
  • It is forbidden to catch fish without using fishing gear, or with fishing gear not specified in the Fishing Act and not described in the Fishing Rules, or using methods which cause fish to die for no purpose and damage to fishery resources, such as fishing using electricity, toxic or narcotic substances, firearms or explosive charges. The use of fishing gear and fishing methods not described in the Fishing Rules is permitted if the Minister of the Environment grants permission therefor.
  • It is prohibited to make, own, dispose of, transfer, transport or use fishing gear that is electrical (hereinafter electrical fishing gear), except with the aim of studying the fishery resources. The electrical fishing gear used for studies must be registered in the database established by the Minister of the Environment and the certificate about the electrical fishing gear registered in the database is issued by the Ministry of Environment.
  • For infringing the requirements enforced in the Fishing Act, a fine of up to 300 fine units (1 fine unit = EEK 60) shall be applied! In addition to this, the damage caused to the fish must also be compensated for.

The rates for compensating the damage caused to fish are as follows:

Type of fish Rate in kroons per one individual fish
Salmon 1500
Sea trout 300
Brown trout 300
Sea lamprey 150
Eel 150
Whitefish 150
Rainbow trout 150
Pike-perch 150
Pike 150
Vimba 75
Ide 75
Tench 75
Bream 75
Carp 75
Cod 75
Peled 75
Burbot 75
Turbot 75
Chub 4-fold market value
River lamprey 4-fold market value
Vendace 4-fold market value
Garfish 4-fold market value
Perch 4-fold market value
Flounder 4-fold market value
Other fish double market value
Crayfish 50

Note! When damaging the fish during the prohibited time or place prescribed by the Fishing Rules, the respective rate shall be applied three-fold. Thus, for a pikeperch caught during prohibited time, the rate of compensation shall be 3 x 150 = 450 kroons for every individual fish caught.