List and description of permitted fishing gear

Permitted hook gear are:

simple hand line consisting of a rod, a fishing line of up to 1.5 lengths of the rod and a single hook, with which natural bait is used during fishing and which can be equipped with a weight and a float;

spinning consisting of a rod with collars, a rod reel, fishing line and a spoon bait or a catching device, may be furnished with connecting cable, additional weight and the so-called luring pulling device;

handline consisting of a rod, a fishing line and up to three single hooks or mormyshkas attached to it with traces; it may also be furnished with rod collars, weight, float or nodder and a reel for winding the fishing line;

troll line consisting of a fishing line, spoon bait or a catching device, may be furnished with connecting cable and additional weight and is drawn after a boat;

pulling device consisting of a short rod, reel, fishing line and a jig or a mormyshka and may be furnished with a connecting cable;

fly rod consisting of a rod, reel, fishing line and a hook, using natural bait floating on the water or an artificial lure for catching fish;

hook for catching Baltic herring; consisting of a rod, fishing line, weight and up to three single hooks attached to the line, and the distance between the point and the shank of the hook does not exceed 5 mm;

bottom line (krunda) consisting of a fishing line, weight, up to three single hooks attached with traces, may be equipped with rod and reel for winding the fishing line;

trimmer – consisting of a fishing line, one hook with up to three prongs and a float, to which the fishing line is wound, may be equipped with connecting cable and additional weight;

bottom set longline – consisting of an anchored tended line and fishing hooks attached to it by means of traces and is placed into the bottom of a waterbody;

drifting longline – consisting of an unanchored tended line and fishing hooks attached to it with traces, drifts by aid of current or wind;

surface longline – consisting of an anchored tended line and fishing hooks attached to it with traces, the hooks are lifted higher from the bottom by means of floats or by a floating tended line.

spoon bait for the purposes of the present regulation is a wooden, metal or any other material lure of up to three triple hooks.

catching device for the purposes of the present regulation is an aid to enable to use dead fish as bait.

mormyshka for the purposes of the present regulation is a single hook with a weight or artificial lure attached to its shaft.

nodder for the purposes of the present regulation is a shaft made of elastic material fixed to the top of the fishing rod to discover if the fish has taken the bait.

reel for the purposes of the present regulation is a means for winding the fishing line.

jig for the purposes of the present regulation means a spoon bait or catching device that has up to three hooks with gaps between the prongs not exceeding 30 mm.

Permitted underwater fishing gear are:

harpoon gun – a mechanical or pneumatic device to harpoon fish;
harpoon – up to five-forked stabbing device with or without hooks, which is shot from a harpoon gun or stuck into a fish.

Note! For fishing with underwater fishing gear at Saadjärve and Kuremaa lakes, the fishing card is required.

Permitted gear for catching crayfish are:

dip-net – baited lift net of up to 50 cm in diametre;
trap – baited trap with a diameter of less than 1 metre, has no leader and wings and the number of the openings does not exceed three.

Permitted gillnets are:

gillnet – a trap consisting of one piece of net, kept in vertical position in the water with floats and weights. During fishing the living organisms in the water get trapped into nets.

Permitted seine nets are:

hoopnet consisting of a rigid frame and a bag net hung to it;
dragnet consisting of a rigid articulate frame and a webbing netting hung to it;

Additional information about fishing in Estonia can be obtained from the Ministry of the Environment at the e-mail address: min@envir.ee